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President Day Theme


Washington's Birthday is a United States federal holiday celebrated on the third Monday of February. It is also commonly known as Presidents Day (or Presidents' Day). As Washington's Birthday or Presidents Day, it is also the official name of a concurrent state holiday celebrated on the same day in a number of states.

Titled Washington's Birthday, the federal holiday was originally implemented by the United States of America federal government in 1880 for government offices in the District of Columbia and expanded in 1885 to include all federal offices. As the first federal holiday to honor an American citizen, the holiday was celebrated on Washington's actual birthday, February 22. On January 1, 1971 the federal holiday was shifted to the third Monday in February by the Uniform Monday Holiday Act. A draft of the Uniform Holidays Bill of 1968 would have renamed the holiday to Presidents' Day to honor both Washington and Lincoln, but this proposal failed in committee and the bill as voted on and signed into law on June 28, 1968 kept the name Washington's Birthday.

By the mid-1980s, with a push from advertisers, the term "Presidents' Day" began its public appearance. The theme has expanded the focus of the holiday to honor another President born in February, Abraham Lincoln, and often other Presidents of the United States. Although Lincoln's birthday, February 12, was never a federal holiday, approximately a dozen state governments have officially renamed their Washington's Birthday observances as "Presidents Day", "Washington and Lincoln Day", or other such designations. However, "Presidents Day" is not always an all-inclusive term. In Massachusetts, while the state officially celebrates "Washington's Birthday," state law also prescribes that the governor issue an annual Presidents Day proclamation honoring the presidents that have come from Massachusetts: John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Calvin Coolidge, and John F. Kennedy. (Coolidge, the only one born outside of Massachusetts, spent his entire political career before the vice presidency there. George H. W. Bush, on the other hand, was born in Massachusetts, but has spent most of his life elsewhere.) Alabama uniquely observes the day as "Washington and Jefferson Day", even though Jefferson's birthday was in April. In New Jersey, Connecticut and Illinois, while Washington's Birthday is a federal holiday, Abraham Lincoln's birthday is still a state holiday, falling on February 12 regardless of the day of the week. In California, Lincoln's Birthday is also a legal state holiday, however, observance is frequently moved to the Monday or Friday occurring closest to February 12. When Lincoln's Birthday is observed on the Friday preceding Washington's Birthday, the resultant four-day weekend is commonly called "Presidents' Day Weekend", particularly by retailers in their sale advertisements.

In Washington's home state of Virginia the holiday is legally known as "George Washington Day."

I personally like the term Presidents Day best—I like to be inclusive!—so I created the Presidents Day theme. I never much cared for apostrophes in holiday names, and it appears to be okay to use the term Presidents Day rather than Presidents' Day (though definitely not President's Day).

Can you name all of the presidents shown in the title bar of this theme? Give it a try, then come back and read the next paragraph to see how you did. =)

George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Ulysess S. Grant, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, Dwight David Eisenhower, and John F. Kennedy.

1. 1789-1797George Washington1732-1799
2. 1797-1801John Adams1735-1826
3. 1801-1809Thomas Jefferson1743-1826
4. 1809-1817James Madison1751-1836
5. 1817-1825James Monroe1758-1831
6. 1825-1829John Quincy Adams1767-1848
7. 1829-1837Andrew Jackson1767-1845
8. 1837-1841Martin Van Buren1782-1862
9. 1841 William Henry Harrison1773-1841
10.1841-1845John Tyler1790-1862
11.1845-1849James K. Polk1795-1849
12.1849-1850Zachary Taylor1784-1850
13.1850-1853Millard Fillmore1800-1874
14.1853-1857Franklin Pierce1804-1869
15.1857-1861James Buchanan1791-1868
16.1861-1865Abraham Lincoln1809-1865
17.1865-1869Andrew Johnson1808-1875
18.1869-1877Ulysses S. Grant1822-1885
19.1877-1881Rutherford B. Hayes1822-1893
20.1881 James A. Garfield1831-1881
21.1881-1885Chester A. Arthur1829?-1886
22.1885-1889Grover Cleveland1837-1908
23.1889-1893Benjamin Harrison1833-1901
24.1893-1897Grover Cleveland1837-1908
25.1897-1901William McKinley1843-1901
26.1901-1909Theodore Roosevelt1858-1919
27.1909-1913William Howard Taft1857-1930
28.1913-1921Woodrow Wilson1856-1924
29.1921-1923Warren G. Harding1865-1923
30.1923-1929Calvin Coolidge1872-1933
31.1929-1933Herbert Hoover1874-1964
32.1933-1945Franklin Delano Roosevelt1882-1945
33.1945-1953Harry S. Truman1884-1972
34.1953-1961Dwight D. Eisenhower1890-1969
35.1961-1963John F. Kennedy1917-1963
36.1963-1969Lyndon B. Johnson1908-1973
37.1969-1974Richard Nixon1913-1994
38.1974-1977Gerald Ford1913-2006
39.1977-1981Jimmy Carter1924-
40.1981-1989Ronald Reagan1911-2004
41.1989-1993George H. W. Bush1924-2018
42.1993-2001Bill Clinton1946-
43.2001-2009George W. Bush1946-
44.2009-2017Barack Obama1961-
45.2017- Donald Trump1946-
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